The history of Electrolysis treatment dates back to the times of civil war. Researchers throughout America and other parts of the world were painstakingly experimenting to explore innovative methods of removing unnecessary hair growth problem by means of physical, electrical, chemical, or radiological agents. The method of Electrolysis treatment kick started in 1875, when a St. Louis Missouri ophthalmologist, Dr. Charles E. Michel made a major break through in this direction when he discovered the method of curing Trichiasis – a disease that results in ingrown eyelashes. The method became famous as Electrolysis or Galvanic Electrolysis, uses a small DC current to induce a chemical reaction on the skin, which results in the formation of NaoH or Lye. The acidic action of Lye destroys the dermal papilla or the nourishing agent of hair follicle. This stops the growth of unwanted hair. Electrolysis gradually increased in popularity in the late nineteenth century and it was deemed as the most effective method of controlling unwanted hair growth. This was during this time that Dan Mahler established his own Electrolysis practice, which is today known as the Instantron Company.
The method of Electrolysis treatment further received a boost when Paul N. Kree and his Kree Company based at New York, USA developed the ‘six-needle probes’ technique for Electrolysis in 1916. He was among the frontrunners that instituted this method to be used commonly by Electrologists. Kree Company also played an important role in educating and training people in North America in the 1970’s. In 1924, Dr. Henri Bordier, of Lyon, France, developed the method of Thermolysis, which was also known by other names such as short wave, diathermy, or high-frequency methods. However, the medical records also indicate that Dr. Eitner of Germany first attempted Dr. Henri Bordier’s method, way back in 1910. This was yet another addendum to the development of the Electrolysis technique. In 1925, Dr. A. Rostenberg brought the term Thermolysis in the ambit of the North American medical journals; whereas in 1928, Dr. Mildred Trotter publishing her acclaimed article, which stated that shaving, had no affect on hair growth. The technique of Electrolysis once again made waves in 1940’s when the crude Spark-gap Diathermy machines were replaced by new a type of vacuum tube based Electrolysis machines, which provided improved performance. In 1945, Arthur Hinkel and Henri St. Pierre jointly manufactured the Blend machine and thereafter applied for the patent, which they received in 1948. In 1956, the publishing of the Gordon Blackwell’s Electrolysis Digest, added a new saga to hair treatment and the digest remained in production until 1986. The book listed various reviews and articles that were indispensable to Electrologists across the world. Continuing the success saga, in 1968 Arthur Hinkel and Richard Lind started excessive promotion for their Blend machine in the document, “Electrolysis, Thermolysis and the Blend.” Furthermore, the work of Hinkel and St. Pierre gave a new dimension, conceptually and technically, to the understanding of Electrolysis. Thus, although Electrolysis has seen a gradual increase in popularity, it has developed favor across generations and continues to do so today.
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